Transactions

Transactions are cryptographically signed instructions from accounts. An account will initiate a transaction to update the state of the Ethereum network. Transactions always originate from an externally owned account (a smart contract can not initiate a transaction).

Transactions, which change the state of the EVM, need to be broadcast to the whole network. Any node can broadcast a request for a transaction to be executed on the EVM; after this happens, a validator will execute the transaction and propagate the resulting state change to the rest of the network.

Learn more in the official Ethereum documentation here.

Sample Query

Querying the latest transactions.

select *
  from ethereum.raw.transactions
order by block_number desc 
limit 100

Table Columns

The example used (Etherscan link) is a Uniswap swap between ETH and USDC.

Column NameDescriptionExample

hash

Unique identifier of a transaction.

0x9068357001dc45c59a0c0383860f25fd64daeef205f723c5cbd980f280baca38

nonce

203

transaction_index

The position of this transaction in the block that it belongs to. The first transaction has index 0.

62

from_address

The address of the sending party of this transaction.

0x7e63870ac9cb1491928e3c8922c19b2595331ac9

to_address

The address of the receiving party of this transaction (could be a contract address).

0x68b3465833fb72a70ecdf485e0e4c7bd8665fc45

value

The amount of ether sent in this transaction, in wei.

3.42E+17

gas

The maximum amount of gas allocated for this transaction in wei.

209,392

gas_price

Cost per unit of gas specified by the transaction in wei. The higher the gas price, the higher chance of getting included in a block.

6,545,492,045

input

The data send along with the transaction.

<truncated> 0x5ae401dc00000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000632409bf0

receipt_cumulative_gas_used

The total amount of gas used when this transaction was executed in the block.

6,091,409

receipt_gas_used

Gas consumed by the transaction in wei.

150,272

receipt_contract_address

The contract address created, if the transaction was a contract creation, otherwise null.

receipt_root

Transaction stateroot (pre Byzantium)

receipt_status

Success status of the transaction. Either 1 (success) or 0 (failure).

1

block_timestamp

The time when the block that contains this transaction was included on the blockchain.

2022-09-16 04:59:59

block_number

The length of the chain, in blocks.

15,543,975

block_hash

Unique identifier of the block that includes this transaction.

0xe3eb6f24b34ab179646608ca100a3cd1d2fd1144f83544d029c0352429371b6d

max_fee_per_gas

The sum of the base fee and tip paid per unit of gas.

10,293,849,223

max_priority_fee_per_gas

2,000,000,000

transaction_type

Integer of the transaction type, 0 for legacy transactions, 1 for access list types, 2 for dynamic fees.

2

receipt_effective_gas_price

The sum of the base fee and tip paid per unit of gas.

6,545,492,045

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